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Burundi Facts Burundi Flag Burundi Map

Burundi Map
current time and date
currency: Burundian Franc (BIF)
Official languages
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straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed;

the Kagera, which drains into Lake Victoria, is the most remote headstream of the White Nile
Burundi history
Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Burundi

Conventional short form: Burundi

Local long form: Republique du Burundi/Republika y'u Burundi

Local short form: Burundi

Formerly known as: Urundi
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Burundi's capital city is Bujumbura
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Burundi Constitution:

ratified by popular referendum 28 February 2005
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Burundi population growth rate: 3.104%
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Burundi highest point: Heha 2,670 m
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Burundi lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
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About 36% of Burundi's land is arable.
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Burundi birth rate is 41 births/1,000 population
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Burundi infant mortality rate is 60 deaths/1,000 live births
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Burundi fertility rate is 5.99 children born/woman
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Burundi climate:


high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level);

average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m;

average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)
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Top 10 cities of Burundi with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Bujumbura: 331,700
2. Muyinga: 71,076
3. Ruyigi: 38,458
4. Gitega: 23,167
5. Ngozi: 21,506
6. Rutana: 20,893
7. Bururi: 19,740
8. Makamba: 19,642
9. Kayanza: 19,443
10. Muramvya: 18,041
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Burundi ethnic groups:

Hutu (Bantu) - 85%
Tutsi (Hamitic) - 14%
Twa (Pygmy) - 1%
Europeans - 3,000
South Asians - 2,000
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Burundi Exports:

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Burundi Imports:

capital goods
petroleum products
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bicameral Parliament or Parlement, consists of a Senate (54 seats; 34 members elected by indirect vote to serve five-year terms, with remaining seats assigned to ethnic groups and former chiefs of state) and a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (minimum 100 seats, 60% Hutu and 40% Tutsi with at least 30% being women; additional seats appointed by a National Independent Electoral Commission to ensure ethnic representation; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
17 provinces

1. Bubanza
2. Bujumbura Mairie
3. Bujumbura Rural
4. Bururi
5. Cankuzo
6. Cibitoke
7. Gitega
8. Karuzi
9. Kayanza
10. Kirundo
11. Makamba
12. Muramvya
13. Muyinga
14. Mwaro
15. Ngozi
16. Rutana
17. Ruyigi
Political parties and leaders:
governing parties:

Burundi Democratic Front (FRODEBU) - Leonce NGENDAKUMANA

National Council for the Defense of Democracy - Front for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) - Jeremie NGENDAKUMANA

Union for National Progress (Union pour le Progress Nationale) (UPRONA) - Bonaventure NIYOYANKANA